Lithuanian Occupation Issue of March 1923
Memel, a port on the Baltic Sea, was the most northerly city in the German Empire until the Treaty of Versailles placed it under the control of a commission of Allied and associated powers. During this period overprinted German and then French definitives were used. The area had a large Lithuanian-speaking minority and in 1924, as a result of the "Klapeida Revolt," it was occupied by Lithuania. The allies and the League of Nations recognized and ultimately consented to Memel's becoming a semi-autonomous district of Lithuania with the Klaipeda Convention of May 1924. It was transferred to Germany in 1939 and restored to Lithuania with the defeat of German forces in World War II. The first Lithuanian occupation issues were unissued Lithuanian official issues with overprints. The March 23 issue pictured here depicts Vytis (meaning "the Chaser"), an armour-clad knight on horseback holding a sword and shield from a Lithuanian ducal seal.
"Klaipeda." Wikipedia. 20 Jan. 2014. Wikimedia Foundation. 29 Jan. 2015
"Klaipeda_Revolt." Wikipedia. 16 Nov. 2014. Wikimedia Foundation. 29 Jan. 2015
Lamb, Bob. "Republic of Lithuania." American Philatelist. Feb. 2015: 192.
"Memel." Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue. 2008.
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