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Éboué Common Design Type of 1945

Felix Eboue
Common Design Type Stamp of 1945
and Monument to Félix Éboué in Pointe-A-Pitre, Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe was one of thirteen French colonies to issue a common design type stamp in 1945 to commemorate Félix Éboué, the first colonial administrator to declare his resistance to German occupation after the French surrender in World War II.

Éboué was born in Cayenne, French Guiana on December 26, 1884. Having graduated in law from the École Nationale de la France d'Outre-Mer, he built a career in the Colonial Service where he was a champion of education of colonial peoples, the preservation of Black cultures and the promotion of colonial peoples in administration. He was posted to Oubangui-Chari for twenty years before being transfered to Martinique. In 1936 he was appointed Governor of Guadeloupe, the first Black man appointed to a governorship of a French colony. In 1939 he was transferred back to Chad where he played an important role in organizing colonial support for Charles De Gaulle and the Free French.


Friendly letter carrier in Pointe-A-
Pitre (note the "La Poste"symbol
on his shirt) poses by his bicycle.


Stamp from the final 1947
Guadeloupe definitive issue


French stamps were first used in Gaudeloupe in 1851. General issues for French Colonies were introduced in 1859. Postmarks from this period include the letters "GPE". The first stamps for the island were issued on November 20, 1876. Guadeloupe became an overseas department of France in 1946 and, the following year, French stamps replaced the island's own issues.


This 1970 issue is one of four French
issues depicting scenes of Guadeloupe.


Bibliography

"Félix Éboué." Wikipedia. 26 Feb. 2013. Wikimeida Foundation, Inc. Web. 28 Apr. 2013 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Eboue.

"Guadeloupe." Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue.

Rossiter, Stuart and John Flower. The Stamp Atlas. London: Macdonald and Co., 1986.


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