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India
Azad Hind Issue

Unissued Azadhind Stamps
In addition to the stamps pictured above, the Azadhind issue also included a half anna (sage
green), a one anna (carmine) and a scarcer one rupee plus one rupee (black, orange and green).

During World War II a set of ten stamps for use in Azad Hind (greater India) was designed by German designers Axster-Heudtlass and printed at the German State in Printing Works Berlin. They were intended for use by a government headed by rebel leader Subhas Chandra Bose. The stamps were prepared before the Japanese occupied the Andaman and Nicobar Islands but they were never delivered for sale in post offices (Williams 135). A Littleton Stamp Company Catalogue description it is states that many of the stamps 200 000 stamps printed were lost in an attempted shipment by submarine. Large quantities of the stamps at low prices appeared in philatelic markets after the war.

INA Commemorative
One of two stamps issued to commemorate the 67th anniversary
of the birth of Subhas Chandra Bose, organizer of the Indian National Army.

Two stamps commemorating the 67th anniversary of the birth of the founder of the Indian National Army, Subhas Chandra Bose were issued on January 23, 1964. The 55 n.p. value depicts Bose addressing the troops who fought with the Japanese against the British Army.

Azad Hind Commemorative
Commemorative stamp honouring the 25th anniversary
of the establishment of the Azad Hind government.

On October 21, 1968, India issued a commemorative stamp honouring the 25th anniversary of the establishment of the Azad Hind government under the leadership of Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945). The stamp depicts Bose making a speech beneath an Azad Hind banner.

Parakram Diwas Commemorative Cancellation
Parakram Diwas Commemorative Cancellation on Cover
Parakram Diwas Commemorative Cancellation
Enlargement of Cancellation/P>

The cancellation on the cover above commemorates India's is celebration of Parakram Diwas, the birthday of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, on 23rd January. Bose is depicted on the five rupee definitive from 2016 used on the cover. A high-level committee, headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, decided to recognize the 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. The Prime Minister tweeted, "It is befitting to celebrate this day as "Parakram Diwas" to honour his boundless courage & valour. Netaji instilled the fervour of nationalism among his countless followers."

125th Anniversary of the Birth of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Pair of stamp issued January 23, 2021 marking the "125th Anniversary of the Birth
of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose" on piece with 25 rupee "150th Anniversary of the Birth
of Mahatma Gandhi" issue of 2019 and 3 rupee Bismillah Khan definitive of 2016.


Bibliography

"India." Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue. 1997.

Stamps and Supplies. Littleton, N.H.: Littleton Stamp and Coin Company, 1970.

Williams, L.N. and M. Cinderella Stamps.

London: Heinemann, 1970.


"What is 'Parakram Diwas' and why is it celebrated today?" The Free Press Journal. 23 Jan. 2021. Web. 18 Feb. 2021.
     www.freepressjournal.in/india/what-is-parakram-diwas-and-why-is-it-celebrated-today-find-out-here.


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